Task: Here are some examples of sentences written by learners of English. Identify
any odd or unacceptable collocations and suggest alternatives:
- His books commanded criticism from many people.
- There was a high difference between the two teams.
- I am doing this exam because I want to achieve a step in my career.
- He had been found guilty of some slight crimes.
- She won many competitions, forming fame in the process.
- I was very grateful, because he had rescued my life.
Task: In the short text below, pick out typical collocations of the noun *phone*
which might form part of its entry in a dictionary, and also any unusual or marked
collocations that the writer is using creatively.
"He went into a cafe and asked if he could use the phone. He dialled Sandra´s number
and waited. Any second now, two hundred miles away, in Sandra´s flat, her phone, perched
on its little mahogany table, would ring with, he hoped, a tone of urgency reflecting his
panic. But would she answer it? Or, worse still, had she disconnected it, as she sometimes
did when she was working? After what seemed like an eternity it purred into life and began
its regulated chirping."
Note: Formats I - III from: Vocabulary by Michael McCarthy. OUP.
Task: From the list of words given, choose the one which is most suitable for each
blank. Write only the letter of the correct word after each number on your answer sheet.
1. I saw a nasty ........between two cars this morning.
A. happening B. danger C. damage D. accident
2. I was speaking to Ann on the phone when suddenly we were .........
A. hung up B. run out C. broken down D. cut off
3. I should have returned this book last Tuesday: it is now five days ............
A. postponed B. excessive C. overdue D. delayed
4. Nothing had been organised and confusion seemed ..............
A. inevident B. inefficient C. ineligible D. inevitable
5. Tom always tries to help people, but recently he has been ................kind and
A. chiefly B. especially C. principally D. fundamentally
From: Writing English Language Tests by J.B. Heaton. Longman.
Task: Which words do you associate with the follwing words:
Note: Childlike answers are: eat -- night -- letter -- hole
Adult-like responses: chair -- light -- receive -- shallow
(From: Entwisle, 1966; Brown and Berko, 1960)
Task: Read the following sentences and put in the adverb "therefore".
- So I was wrong.
- We can deduce that ....
- He is a despot.
- It is abolished.
- To be also possible.
- It is appropriate to consider ...
- It will be seen that ...
- Thisa case is best considered as ....
- Interpreters must beware in doing what ...
- We are brought back to the problem ...
- One can conclude that ...
- A vicious circle develops of doing less and less exercise.
- I may feel tempted to ....
- It follows that ...
- There was good reason for doing something.
- He explored other facets of colour.
- Fundamentally he implies that ...
- It is important to ...
- Geometry is demonstrable.
Examples from ARCS under the headword "therefore adv."
Task: The adverbials have been removed from the text below. Reconstruct the
Slobodan arrived, followed by Monika, Komelia, Drava and little Milomre. EastEx flourished
and Bogdan diversified, adding a small hauling division, a smaller van and truck hire
company and a mini-cab firm to the EatEx´s roster. A larger apartment was required for
the growing family and the kids were encouraged to become English men and women. Bogdan
decreed that no Hungarian or Romanian was to be spoken - although Pirvana and Rebeka would
chat to each other which even Bogdan could not understand.
The removed adverbials are: after a longish gap - covertly - duly - eventually - fervently
- gamely - in an unexceptional way - in 1960 - in their special dialect - over the years -
speedily - still
From: William Boyd. armadillo. London: Hamish Hamilton, 1998, p. 33.